#4. Indian diaspora coming off age

“Indian-descent Americans are taking over the country. You (Swati Mohan, NASA Scientist), my Vice President (Kamala Harris), my speech writer (Vinay Reddy).”US President, Joe Biden.

India has one of the world’s most diverse and complex migration histories. The composition of flows has evolved over time from mainly indentured labor in far-flung colonies to post-war labour for British industry to high-skilled professionals in North America and low-skilled workers in the Middle East. Indian diaspora have been widely represented in their governments and corporate hierarchy. What does it mean…This is a harbinger of a new order where Indian origin people will dominate and shape world political and economic landscape.

👍. प्रस्ताव / For the motion

Take a sigh…Rishi Sunak, Priti Patel, Alok Sharma are the three most powerful people after PM Boris Johnson in UK. Kamala Harris in the USA along with more than a dozen Indian-Americans dictate the future of Americans. 30% of the Fortune 500 Companies have Indians as their CEOs. Google, Microsoft, Adobe, Twitter, MasterCard to name of a few, are being helmed by Indians at the top. They shape the fortune of these global companies. NRI form 

Indian immigrants are notable not only for their large numbers but are more likely to be highly educated, to work in management positions, and to have higher incomes. The 25 million strong Indian Diaspora has an impact on India’s foreign policy. They are an important factor in the bilateral relationship with the countries where they have a significant presence. They are the most important tool for India’s soft power diplomacy.

Over the past two decades one of the most intriguing ideas in development finance has been the proposal that developing nations can raise substantial funds from their expatriate communities by creating diaspora bonds. COVID-19 impact has accentuated the call further. Israel, in their formative years of statehood in 1948, had resorted to it. India Development Bonds (IDB) in 1991, Resurgent India Bonds (RIB) in 1998, and India Millennium Deposits (IMD) in 2000 have been a great initiative to reach out to India diaspora globally. The People of Indian Origin (PIO) tag has added to the identity of the diaspora. Remittances from Non-Resident Indian (NRI) form 2.9% of GDP and 22% of forex money.

👎अप्रस्ताव / Against the motion:

  1. As per the United Nations data, there are about 272 million international migrants in the world, of which 6.4% are Indian immigrants or Indian ex-pats, who have the largest population among the international migrants. There is horde amongst Indians who will give a leg or an arm to get citizenship of developed nations. Second generation migrants hardly associate themselves with Indian ways.
  2. Indians, by and large, remain deeply connected to their homeland. But the intensity of this connection vary. Foreign connection to anti-CAA protests (Citizenship Amendment Act) was strongly visible. Similarly, funding farmer’s protest against recent agri-reforms have been traced to foreign donors. There is a global civil society of people of Indian origin and non-resident Indians overseas who have an interest in India- economic and political.
  3. The government must ensure that its focus on the diaspora doesn’t become a factor in its bilateral relations. While it is perfectly legitimate and laudable to ensure the safety and well-being of Indian citizens in different parts of the world, as the  current government has done, it must tread more lightly on issues that concern foreign citizens of Indian origin. Most immigrant Indian communities have been marked by their ability to assimilate into the countries they now live in. Fomenting “divided loyalties” can be counterproductiveaffecting bilateral ties. 

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